Site 1Tu4 is a large Protohistoric Period site on the Warrior River in central Alabama. Based on radiocarbon dates and ceramics, the site was primarily occupied during the 1600s. During the field seasons at the site data recovered included: several structures, numerous features, 45 burials (17 bundle, 11 urn, 4 semi-flexed, 4 extended, 1 flexed, 1 cremation, 7 undetermined.). Ceramic analysis aided greatly in establishing a classification of Moundville IV Phase ceramics.Twenty-nine vertebrate animal species were identified in the sample as were 17 invertebrate species. Several European artifacts were also found in association with the Indian artifacts. The European artifacts most likely date from the 1600s and/or early 1700s. A single glass bead dating from the 1500s was allegedly found at the site some years after the primary excavations. The site is one of the best known and most methodically excavated Protohistoric Period sites in central Alabama.
This series of photographs from excavations in the Warrior River Valley of Alabama is offered as an addendum to a research publication entitled, “The Protohistoric Period in Central Alabama.” The book was authored by Caleb Curren and funded by the Alabama Historical Commission and the Alabama-Tombigbee Regional Commission. The downloads are gratis. Optional donations for continued research can be sent to: Archeology Ink, P.O. Box 30576, Pensacola, Florida. Please reference the web site if you use any of the images.